Who was Naziha Salim? Biography, Wiki, Google Doodle, Works, Career, Nationality, Ethnicity

Who was Naziha Salim?

Naziha Salim (Arabic: نزيهة سليم, 1927–15 February 2008) was an Iraqi artist, educator and author, described by the country’s president, Jalal Talabani, as “the first Iraqi woman who anchored the pillars of Iraqi contemporary art”.

On April 23, 2022, Google celebrated her with a Google Doodle.

Google Doodle today celebrates Naziha Salim

Google Doodle today, Saturday, April 23, 2022, paid a tribute to Naziha Salim and celebrated her contributions to the art world. “Today’s Doodle artwork is an ode to Salim’s painting style and a celebration of her long standing contributions to the art world!,” Google said. It can be known that Naziha Salim was a painter, professor and one of the most influential artists in Iraq’s contemporary art scene. Her work often depicts rural Iraqi women and peasant life through bold brush strokes and vivid colors. On this day in 2020, Naziha Salim was spotlighted by the Barjeel Art Foundation in their collection of female artists.

Giving details about Salim’s family, Google said, “To paint the scene, Salim was born into a family of Iraqi artists in Turkey. Her father was a painter and her mother was a skilled embroidery artist. All three of her brothers worked in the arts, including Jawad, who’s widely considered one of Iraq’s most influential sculptors. From an early age she enjoyed making her own art.”

Naziha Salim Works

She authored a history of modern Iraqi art, entitled, Iraq: Contemporary Art, published by Sartec in 1977, which continues to be used as a valuable source for the early development of Iraq’s modern art movement.

Her paintings’ themes revolve around representations of women and family; her own family, rural Iraqi women, peasant women, women at work, Mesopotamian and Arab goddesses. She participated in various experimental movements and her work often illustrated the changes taking place in women’s lives. As such, Salim, along with her contemporaries, “contributed to the opening up of news cultural, social and political spaces.”

Naziha Salim Family Details

Naziha Salim was born into a family of Iraqi artists living in Turkey. Her father, Hajji Mohammed Salim (1883-1941) was a painter, while her mother was also an artist and a skilled embroiderer. The artist, Abdul Qadir Al Rassam, the first Iraqi to paint in the European style, was an older relative (possibly her father’s cousin). 

Her older brothers were also talented artists, Rashid (b. 1918) was a political cartoonist; Su’ad Salim (b. 1918) a painter and designer who would design the coat of arms for the Iraqi Republic; Jawad (b. 1920), a painter and sculptor became Iraq’s most beloved sculptor and Nizarre (b. 1925) was also an artist.

Naziha Salim Education

Naziha Salim was one of the first women to be awarded a scholarship to study art abroad. In the 1940s, she graduated from the Baghdad Fine Arts Institution and, after gaining the scholarship continued her art education in Paris. In the 1960s Salim returned to the Fine Arts Institute as a teacher and remained at the school until her retirement in the 1980s.

She was an active participant in Iraq’s arts community; a foundation member of the arts group known as Al-Ruwwad, (also known as the “Avante Garde or Primitive group”); the first group of Iraqi artists to study abroad and who sought to incorporate modern European art techniques within a distinctly Iraqi aesthetic. This group had a major influence on later generations of Iraqi artists.

Naziha Salim Biography, Wiki, Age, Nationality, Ethnicity & More

Real NameNaziha Salim 
Nickname(s)Naziha
ProfessionPainter
Physical Stats & More
Height (approx.)in centimeters– N/A
in meters– N/A
in feet & inches– N/A
Eye ColourBlack
Hair ColourBlack
Personal Life
Date of Birth1927, Istanbul, Turkey
DiedFebruary 15, 2008 (aged 80–81)
Baghdad, Iraq
BirthplaceIstanbul, Turkey
NationalityIraqi
HometownIraq
SchoolN/A
College/UniversityInstitute of Arts in Baghdad,
Ecole des Beaux-Arts (Paris)
Relationships & More
Marital StatusMarried
ParentsFather– Hajji Mohammed Salim
Mother– Not Known
SiblingsBrother(s)– Rashid, Su’ad Salim,
Nizarre, Jawad Salim

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