About International Labour Organization
ILO UPSC Notes: The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.
Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland (1919)
1. World Social Protection Report
2. World Employment and Social Outlook
3. World of Work Report
4. Global Wage Report
- In 1969, the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize for improving peace among classes, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations
- The ILO registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules; however, it does not impose sanctions on governments
- Unlike other United Nations specialized agencies, the International Labour Organization has a tripartite governing structure – representing governments, employers, and workers (usually with a ratio of 2:1:1). The rationale behind the tripartite structure is the creation of free and open debate among governments and social partners.
- In 1998, the 86th International Labour Conference adopted the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. This declaration contains four fundamental policies:
- The right of workers to associate freely and bargain collectively;
- The end of forced and compulsory labour
- The end of child labour
- The end of unfair discrimination among workers.