If your heart beats to become a heart specialist in India, then you must choose the field of cardiology in medical courses after Class 12. Cardiology is a medical specialty and a branch of internal medicine that deals with heart problems. It focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure, and valvular heart disease.
On this page, we have provided all the necessary information on how to become a cardiologist, career opportunities, professional growth, salary, perk, and benefits in detail. Read on to find more.
Cardiologists are physicians who diagnose and treat heart diseases. Cardiology is one of the most complex fields in medicine. To become a cardiologist in India takes 10-13 years. They specialize in treating diseases like congenital heart defects, heart failure, coronary artery diseases, and valvular heart diseases.
A cardiologist often focuses on one type of patient. An adult cardiologist sees only adult heart patients, a pediatrician cardiologist sees only infant and child patients.
To become a cardiologist, you need to clear your 10th exam. You need to select the course which has the subject Biology in your 12th class. Followed by, you need to get an MBBS degree, then a master’s in cardiology to begin your career as a cardiologist.
Below are the steps to become a cardiologist,
- In Class 12, you need to select the course having subjects – Biology, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
You need to clear the NEET entrance exam, before starting your MBBS degree.
- MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery) is the basic degree you need to complete for entering the medical field. This course takes five and a half years, including one year of compulsory internship.
- You need to have a master’s degree in cardiology to practice as a cardiologist. There are many entrance exams in India including the All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Exam, BHU MD/MS entrance tests, and others for post-graduate degrees.
- Once you have completed your DM (Doctorate of medicine), get the license from the Medical Council of India.
- Once you received your license you are eligible for applying for jobs as a cardiologist in India.
There are numerous job opportunities for cardiologists after completing the necessary academic qualifications in the field of cardiology. Some of the most well-known cardiologist job profiles are listed below.
Cardiology surgeons operate on the heart and blood vessels in the chest. To work as a cardiac surgeon, you will need a lot of education and training, including a bachelor’s degree, medical school, residency, and an internship. In addition, a medical license given by the state must be held in order to practice medicine.
ECG (electrocardiographic) Technologist
Those working as cardiographic/electrocardiographic technologists are tasked with helping doctors diagnose and treat cardiac conditions such as arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats).
Cardiologists that specialize in interventional procedures treat a wide variety of heart and blood vessel conditions by using a procedure called catheterization.
Cardiac Catheterization Technologist
They do diagnostic and interventional cardiac catheterizations, as well as other cardiac-related treatments, as part of their employment. They use small catheters inserted through a needle into the patient’s blood arteries and listen to determine the heart’s shape and function using X-rays and other recordings.
The nuclear cardiologist is responsible for performing tests to specific clinical indications, supervising cardiac stress tests, and assisting patients with their care.
The cardiology director is in the senior position in the department and is the head of the cardiology department. His job is to lead and direct the cardiology department’s programs and staff. He ensures that the department runs smoothly in order to meet current needs while also anticipating future patient needs by introducing new services, procedures, and technologies.
Their role is to perform more advanced procedures than invasive and non-invasive cardiologists.
They perform diagnostic procedures such as cardiac catheterization to detect artery blockages.
Below is the list of the top industries and sectors that employ cardiologists,
- Government Hospitals
- Private Hospitals
- Specialist Hospitals
- Armed Forces Medical Services
- Cardiology Clinics
- Private Practice
Below is the estimated salary for a cardiologist in India. It may vary from individual to individual and company to company.
- Entry-level Cardiologist in India – INR 10 LPA
- Cardiologists With 5 – 10 Years of Experience – INR 16 LPA
- Experienced Surgeon – INR 28 LPA
- Cardiologists With 20 Years of Experience – INR 37 LPA